There has actually been horse racing of sorts for lots of many years. Horse racing started in Assyria in c. 1500 B.C. and Chariot Racing was a popular occasion in Roman Times. It remained in reality the Romans who are thought to have ran the first horse race in the UK, however the first actual tape-recorded occasion of a meeting was in 1174, this occurred at a horse fair in the north-west part of London called Smithfield.
The Royal Family are behind a lot of the historic developments that changed and shaped racing over the years, with Henry II importing horses particularly for reproducing and Charles II being the very first to introduce a set of rules in 1664 (for the Newmarket Town Plate). It was in 1752 the Jockey Club formed and penned The Guidelines of Racing.
The Derby is the earliest flat race having begun in 1780 at the Earl of Derby's estate in Epsom, it was worked on a sweepstakes basis and is still naturally being run every year now, as is the Grand National which was first run in 1856, nevertheless the first recorded nationwide hunt (as we know it now) race was in Cork, Ireland in 1752, it was a 4 miles 5 furlongs contest in between 2 church steeples and that is the factor the term 'steeplechase' was coined.
Function and types of horse racing
The function of a H.race is to figure out the fastest of two or more horses over a particular distance with the very first horse to cross the winning line being the winner.
Horse Racing Categories - Flat
In the UK and Ireland there are 3 variations of race categories. The very first is Flat Racing, where horses run over a distance in between 5 furlongs and 2 miles 6 furlongs on turf. The flat season begins in March and runs through to November with differing quality of races with Group 1 contests being the highest. The youngest horses contending on the flat are 2 years old.
Horse Racing Classifications - All Weather condition
All Weather Racing is the 2nd race category and is similar to flat racing aside from contests take place on a synthetic surface area, which can be used throughout the year (hence the name All Weather condition). Many of the All Weather H.racing tracks likewise have floodlit tracks meaning they can provide night racing.
Horse Racing Classifications - National Hunt
The 3rd category is National Hunt where horses contend on grass over longer ranges ranging from 1 mile 6 furlongs (extremely minimal variety of junior bumper races) and 4 miles 4 furlongs. Within National Hunt there are even more category types, these are Bumpers (likewise known as National Hunt Flat races) where there are no obstacles and are targeted at providing horses the experience of completing on a race course, Goes after Geeky Bonus Malta where the rivals need to clear obstacles and fences where they need to jump hurdles. This indicates for example that you can have a handicap chase or a maiden hurdle and so on. The distinction between a fence and a hurdle is quite substantial with a fence being sturdier and greater. A difficulty race will only include difficulties whereas a chase can contain a variety of barriers consisting of water jumps and ditches in addition to fences.
Horse Racing Category
Within each classification of racing there are various kinds of contests depending on a horse's experience and capability. Typically races are categorised by an age group (for example 4 year olds+) and/or an official score bracket (a rating offered to each horse by the handicapper based upon its efficiency to date). Maiden races are for horses who have not yet won a race. Handicaps are when a horse is weighted based on its past ability - in a perfect world, a handicap needs to result in all horses crossing the finish line at the same time. Nursery races are handicap races on the flat/all weather for 2 year old horses. Non handicaps are when all horses bring the exact same weight (although this figure can be adjusted based upon penalties used as set out in the race terms - for example the guidelines might mention that horses will bring 9 stone but that an additional weight of 3 pounds will be applied to horses who have actually won in the last 6 weeks).